In 1994 Opa Kapijimpanga started work on Debt and linked up with the Forum on Debt and Development FONDAD then based in London and eventually “taken over” by the European Network on Debt and Development (EURODAD) based in Brussels. AFRODAD was therefore a platform for Africa while EURODAD was a platform for Europe. There emerging platforms in Latin America and Asia that both EURODAD and AFRODAD worked with beginning at the Social Summit in Copenhagen in 1995.
During 1994 and 1995 Opa Kapijimpanga travelled across the continent to gather support for creating country platforms for discussing the debt crisis. Civil society organizations in Uganda, Mozambique, Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, Cameroon, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Angola and Ethiopia were enthusiastic about the idea and they boarded the AFRODAD train. From the very beginning it was agreed that AFRODAD would only be the African Platform for the various country coalitions which would undertake research and analysis at country level and engage their governments and creditors at the country level. Using the AFRODAD platform they would engage the sub-regional (e.g. ECOWAS), regional (Africa Union, Economic Commission for Africa, the African Development Bank etc.) and multilateral institutions at the global level (World Bank, the IMF, the United Nations). Coalitions on Debt were formed in these countries during 1995 and 1996. Some survived and others did not and for various reasons. Nonetheless, the various formations participated in the campaigns alongside the Jubilee 2000 movement and others to secure debt relief for African countries which started with various Paris Club initiatives and was concluded with the HIPC process followed by the Multilateral Debt Restructuring Initiative (MDRI) of the IMF with the last country Chad having reached the Completion Point in March 2015! The whole process took nearly 20 years!
Today AFRODAD is concerned with ensuring that the African continent does not slide back into being heavily indebted and is focused on influencing African governments to institute and implement policies and practices for sustainable development and eradication of poverty through development and implementation of sustainable debt policies; transparent, accountable and efficient mechanisms for mobilization and utilization of domestic resources; and effective use of international public finance.
The major donors that supported AFRODAD since 1994 are HIVOS, NOVIB, the Church of Sweden (who also provided seed money for Uganda Debt Network), Action Aid, Bread for the World, CAFOD, Canadian Council for International Cooperation, Christian Aid, Canadian International Development Agency, Commonwealth Foundation, Diakonia, the UK Government Department for International Development (DFID), EED, the Ford Foundation, the Gates Foundation, IBIS Denmark, KEPA Finland, MS Zimbabwe, NORAD, Norwegian Church Aid, Oxfam, SOMO, TROCAIRE, United Church of Canada, United Methodist Women, Welthaus, and the World Council of Churches.
- << Prev