AFRODAD has designed a unique learning concept known as "Summer School" that gathers various individuals from different part of the continent. The main intent is for participants to sharpen each other on pertinent developmental issues linked to AFRODAD’s strategic mandate of influencing African governments to initiate and implement policies and practices for sustainable development and poverty eradication. The school often takes place around Summer time in Zimbabwe where the Secretariat is situated, hence the “summer” in the name. The one-week training programme draws participants from parliaments, Civil Society Organizations, faith based organizations (FBOs) media and academic institutions in Africa.
This training is valuable for parliamentarians, civil society organizations, faith based organizations and the media. The participation of the aforementioned in shaping policy decisions is a general rule of good governance that ensures checks and balances regarding the work of the executive on important issues. However, under government programmes, the capacity building of these groups is generally neglected resulting in their limited capacity to meaningfully engage in policy discourses which end up being dominated by the executive; especially because some of these issues can be highly complex and technical.
The very first summer school took place from 6 to 12 September 2015 in Harare, Zimbabwe. Specific objectives of the training were to improve participants’ knowledge of the extractives value chain (development of resources, capturing of value and transforming value into long term development) and related governance issues; to share and exchange experiences among participants on effective monitoring of the extractive sector and the various concerned actors; to critique and challenge the traditional model of resource based development; to establish linkages between civil society organizations, parliamentarians, labor movements and women as well as the youth in mining; to ensure that CSOs, parliamentarians, labor movements and women as well as the youth in mining play an influential role in monitoring and influencing the governance process, particularly on natural resource.
Topics included Political Economy of Natural Resources, Impacts of Mining, Tax, Royalty and Contract Terms, Legislation and Policy, Revenue Management, Disclosure, Small Scale and Artisanal Mining, Employment Creation and Skills Development, Infrastructure and Local Content development.
The Second summer school was held on 25-28 October 2016 in Pretoria, South Africa.
Objectives of the training included improving participants’ knowledge and tools to address revenue management, illicit financial flows and natural resource governance issues; exchanging experiences among participants; establishing linkages between civil society organizations, parliamentarians and the media in effective domestic resource mobilization; ensuring that civil society organizations, faith based organizations, parliamentarians, and the media play an influential role in monitoring and influencing tax justice, natural resource governance and curbing illicit financial flows.
Covered topics included recent developments in Africa on Illicit Financial Flows; Tax Governance; Mining Policies and Legal Frameworks; Mining Revenue Management; Mining Tax Laws; and Cross Cutting Issues such as Gender and Extractives.
The third Summer School was held from 06-10 November 2017 at Safari Court Hotel in Windhoek, Namibia, under the theme “Strengthening Natural Resource Governance in Africa”.
Specific objectives of the 2017 AFRODAD Summer School training were to improve participants knowledge and understanding of revenue mobilization and management in the extractives sector (mining, oil and gas) in Africa; to develop participants’ knowledge and understanding of institutions governing the mining sector in Africa; to strengthen linkages and ensure civil society organizations, parliamentarians, faith based organizations, labor movements and women in mining play an influential role in monitoring and influencing the natural resource governance process; and to exchange experiences among participants on effective monitoring of the extractive sector.
Summer School content and modules were informed by outcomes of the February 2017, CSOs and Parliamentary International Conference on Illicit Financial Flows (IFFs), and Domestic Resource Mobilization (DRM) research recommendations and findings on assessing national mining legal frameworks and policies in selected SADC countries against the Africa Mining Vision and SADC Protocol on Mining; developmental impacts of IFFs; and impacts of fluctuating commodity prices on Government revenue in the SADC region.
The Summer School delivered eight modules on: Governance and Transparency in Managing Natural Resources; National Legal and Regulatory frameworks governing the rights to resources; Mineral revenue leakages in Africa; Theological Reflections; Natural Resource Flows and Macroeconomic Policies; Gender and Extractives; Debt and Extractives; Role of the Media in Extractive Industry Management
Discussions centered on national laws governing rights to resources, including community ownership of rights to resources on their land, impacts of resource rights on sustainable development, on communities (women and the youth), and on the environment. The school also explored the Africa Mining Vision and assessed its domestication and implementation in the region. In terms of governance and transparency and managing natural resources, the Summer School unpacked and explored the influence of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in achieving resource transparency and economic growth. The Discussions also included various ways in which mineral revenue leakages occur in Africa and ways to mitigate these leakages, including curbing Illicit financial flows, issues of transfer pricing, fiscal incentives and Double Taxation Agreements. In addition, AFRODAD included modules on theological reflections, debt and extractives, gender and extractives and the role of the media in extractive industry management.
The Fourth and most recent one was held from the 19th to 23rd November in Mangochi, Malawi under the theme: “Raising the voice against illicit financial flows, corruption and inequality in Africa: Tackling Existing and New Challenges”. The Summer School was attended by 40 participants (an increase from 25 in 2017) drawn from the Western, Eastern, Central and Southern African regions. Women constituted about 42% of participants. Noteworthy is that the event was graced by parliamentarians from the SADC PF and East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) who actively engaged with other participants.
Major outcomes included Mr Barney Karuuombe who is a manager at the SADC PF requesting information that pertained to the issue of sovereign debt to finalize a parliamentary motion on Sovereign Debt for the upcoming 44th Plenary Assembly session of the SADC Parliamentary Forum; Hon Sophia Swartz of the SADC PF requested AFRODAD to provide trainings to SADC PF members on issues that relate to mineral resources governance; Members of the EALA requested for the support of AFRODAD in crafting policies that curb IFFs in the East African Region; A number of participants approached AFRODAD members of staff to discuss on ways in which they can collaborate with AFRODAD on issues that relate to tax justice, IFFs, debt management and development financing;
Two Francophone participants (Chad and Burundi) requested for summer school training for Francophone countries; Media outcome include publications by a journalist from Zimbabwe who attended the training available on https://www.chronicle.co.zw/africa-warned-of-external-debt-finance/; https://www.chronicle.co.zw/zimbabwe-destined-for-socio-economic; progress/?fbclid=iwar2ovlhfndb6rkgtvj9qxqgd8ckoyi6prb5yraqlohi4ilc596a0szbwqf4