The following are recommendations from AFRODAD which were taken up by its stakeholders in 2018:
At the African Development Bank 2018 Annual Meetings held in May 2018 in Busan, South Korea. Together with other CSOs we issued a statement (http://www.afrodad.org/index.php/news-2/press-room) arguing the Bank to put people at the centre of industrialization by investing in African owned business and local Small and Medium Enterprises that are driving sustainable development in their communities. We rejected the Bank’s approach that drums the “privatising development” narrative, such as the pursuit of mega Public Private Partnerships, which tend to skew benefits to the wealthy top, while passing down risks to the poor and vulnerable bottom.
AFRODAD used the 2018 ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development follow- held in New York in April 2018 to popularize UN General Assembly set of nine Basic Principles for Debt Restructuring Processes, adopted in September 2015.
The National Alternative Mining Indaba held in August 2018 in Angola presented AFRODAD with a platform to mobilise supports and advocate for the domestication of the AMV based on the study findings on the AFRODAD 2017 Study on “An Assessment Of The National Mining Legal Frameworks And Policies Of SADC Countries Against The Africa Mining Vision: The Case of Angola.”As an outcome, the NAMI made recommendations, which also includes AFRODAD’s recommendation to domesticate the AMV.
AFRODAD’s presentations on BRICS in Africa and Agenda 2063; and the promotion of good-governance across all BRICS sectors saw recommendations specific to Tax Justice and Fiscal Policy and the operations of the New Development Bank being adopted for submission to the BRICS Summit that was held in July 2018. Some of AFRODADs recommendations were adopted in the BRICS Heads of State Declarations
One can see and confidently say that AFRODAD has grown both programmatically and institutionally. The implementation of the strategic plan 2016-2020 is successfully on course. AFRODAD’s presence and impact is steadily growing in Africa and beyond. In order to diligently execute various activities funded by a growing number of exceptional financial partners, accountability measures have been established and they will be respected. Monitoring & evaluation as well as sufficient communication to relevant stakeholders are all part of the plans that the organisation has in place as it moves forward in “influencing African governments to institute and implement policies and practices for sustainable development and eradication of poverty” in Africa by 2020.
The AFRODAD Borrowing Charter revision and updating was completed in April 2018. The Charter has been printed in English, French and Portuguese languages. During the course of the year, 2018, the Charter was distributed to more than 300 policy makers in different policy forums that AFRODAD organised and was invited.
AFRODAD in collaboration with Southern African Institute for Policy and Research (SAIPAR) organised and hosted the African Borrowing Charter workshop in Lusaka, Zambia on the 26th of April 2018. The workshop’s main purpose and expected outcome was to launch and ascertain ways of promoting the adoption of the Charter at the national, sub-regional and regional levels. The workshop was attended by about 30 participants, comprising 5 policy oriented institutions representatives - SAIPAR Executive Director, Prof Ndulo, Dr Caleb Fundanga, Director - Macroeconomic and Financial Institute of Eastern and Southern Africa (MEFMI), Economic Policy Resource Centre (EPRC), Zambia Legal Information Institute (Zambia LII), 3 members of parliament, 15 civil society organisation representatives, 5 faith based organisations and 2 media representatives. These institutions have the influencing power of government policy on debt management. They have the capacity to foster the adoption of the Charter principles and guidelines.
AFRODAD and Cameroonian Regional Civil Society Network; Plate-forme d'information et d'action sur la dette (PFIAD) held a meeting to co-create a regional debt project in CEMAC region. The meeting was held from the 28th – 29th September 2018, in Douala, Cameroon. 10 Civil Society organizations were represented. The meeting accomplishments were raising the profile, bringing visibility and supporting efforts aimed at a critical policy conversation on the re-emergence of the debt challenge in Central Africa and to the launch of the African Borrowing Charter French Version.
AFRODAD also hosted a session at the IMF/World Bank 2018 Spring Meetings’ Civil Society Policy Forum (CSPF), which took place in Washington, DC, from April 17-20, 2018. The session title was Global Renewal: Debt Relief and Financial Investments toward a Sustainable Future. This side event session was held in collaboration with Jubilee USA Network on the Friday 20th April. Ten 10 IMF/WB staff and African governments’ officials and 20 civil society organisations were represented at the meetings.
AFRODAD was among the few civil society organisations that participated at the African Development Bank 2018 Annual Meetings that were held from 21 – 25 May 2018 in Busan, South Korea. Specific targeted meetings with AfDB Officials were held during meetings. Represented CSOs exchanged views and thoughts on rising debt levels in the African region with Bank staff. More than 100 copies of the Borrowing Charter in English, French and Portuguese were shared and more than 500 participants were present at the meetings: AfDB/IMF/WB Officials, African governments’ officials and more than 200 global CSOs.
Also, jointly with Bread for The World, LATINDADD, ADIN, EURODAD, FUNDACION SES ARGENTINA and SDI; AFRODAD organized a debt workshop entitled “Preventing debt crises and its negative social impacts” during The Civil20 2018 Summit was held from the 6th to the 7th of August, in Buenos Aires Argentina. The workshop was attended by over 50 participants from the academia, international organizations and civil society One of the Workshop outcomes was the exchange of information and analysis on current proposals towards responsible lending and borrowing to prevent unsustainable debt situations and its negative social impacts. Panelist gave concrete possible debt resolution mechanisms.
During the ECOSOC 2018, AFRODAD, Eurodad, Brot für die Welt, Centre of Concern, Financial Transparency Coalition, Jubilee USA, and Society for International Development organised a side event to discuss the unfinished business in financial regulation and debt crisis management, reforms. AFRODAD used these platforms to popularize UN General Assembly set of nine Basic Principles for Debt Restructuring Processes, adopted in September 2015.
AFRODAD was represented at the 2018 WB/IMF Annual Meetings held from 8th to 13th October 2018 in Bali, Indonesia, by Dr. Fanwell Kenala Bokosi- Executive Director and Mr. Tirivangani Mutazu – Senior Policy Analyst Debt Management. They both participated in a number of debt events during the annual meetings, under the WB/IMF and civil society programmes.
AFRODAD coordinates African CSOs and lobby African debtor countries, to play a greater role in debates that will formulate new proposals and ideas to reshape and bring order to the international financial system. AFRODAD had an opportunity to engage members of Tanzania Coalition on Debt and Development (TCDD) during a meeting on the 11th April 2018, in Dar es Salaam Tanzania. A presentation on sovereign debt workouts was made and actively debated by TCDD members.
On the 21st February 2018, Dr Bokosi, Executive and Mr. Tirivangani Mutazu, met the Hon. Dharmender SESUNGKUR, Mauritius Minister of Financial Services and Good Governance Governance and 4 of his senior Officials. The meeting was called by the Minister after he read the report AFRODAD compiled on Debt Management in Mauritius. The minister would like AFRODAD to assist in the implementation of some of the recommendations made in the report.
AFRODAD attended the Sovereign Debt Workout Debate in 2018: Where are we in the process? 19-20 July in Hannover, Germany. The seminar was coordinated by Jubilee Germany, AFRODAD northern partner. Its main aim was to take stock of 20 years campaigning for sovereign debt workout reforms and discuss strategies forward.
Jointly with Bread For The World, LATINDADD, ADIN, EURODAD, FUNDACION SES ARGENTINA and SDI, AFRODAD organized a debt workshop entitled “Preventing debt crises and its negative social impacts” held at the Palacio San Martín. The workshop was attended by over 50 participants from the academia, international organizations and civil society.
Domestic Resources Mobilisation
The AFRODAD 2018 CSOs and Parliamentary Regional Dialogue on IFFs was held from 21-22 March 2018 under the theme, “Escalating the Role of Parliament and Civil Society in Curbing IFFs from Africa – Promoting Increased Transparency of Decision Making on Tax and Financial Transparency. The Conference was attended by 50 delegates including MPs, CSOs and Media from Africa, Asia and Europe. Participants were able to assess the issues around IFFs and specify the most urgent issues and the actions that need to be taken at national, regional and global level to address them.
AFRODAD joined other civil society organisation in the region in support and to strengthen the CSO movement for combating IFFs out of Africa at the 6th Pan African Conference on IFFs and Taxation that was held on 17 – 18 October 2018 in Nairobi, Kenya. The theme for this year’s conference was “Corruption as driver of IFFs from Africa”. AFRODAD attended the independent expert meeting on finance, monetary affairs, economic planning and integration on April, 9th and 10th at the African Union commission headquarters, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The Africa Union Commission in partnership with the Africa Development Bank and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung convened this Independent Experts’ Meeting on Mobilisation of Domestic Resources: Fighting against Corruption and Illicit Financial Flows to provide a forum for independent experts from Africa and beyond to articulate challenges and propose solutions concerning three thematic areas: domestic resource mobilization, the fight against corruption and the fight against illicit financial flows.
AFRODAD engaged with other non-traditional partners of the African Civil Society Circle at the 8th African Policy Circle Meeting from 24 to 25 May 2018 in Abuja, Nigeria. The topic of discussion for this meeting was “Forced Migration within and out of Africa”. We also participated in the 2018 EURODAD Policy Forum which ran under the theme “Financial Crisis +10: From lost decade to lasting change” and was held on 11th - 12th June 2018 in Brussels.
Dr. Fanwell represented AFRODAD at the UNCTAD second expert meeting on “Statistical methodologies for measuring IFFs” in Geneva on 20-22 June 2018. The meeting drew participation from experts in the different types of IFFs, their measurement and sources of data from international and regional organisations, national authorities and academia. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the concepts and methodologies for measuring IFFs including those for the SDG indicator 16.4. UNCTAD and UNODC are custodians of this indicator. The meeting also provided insights into the measurement challenges and data requirements at the national and regional levels.
We also joined other global partners to participate in the Fight Inequality Alliance Global Gathering held in June 2018 in Guarerama, near Sao Paulo, Brazil. AFRODAD shared its analysis on the correlation and development impact of IFFs on inequality and on how successfully curtailing IFFs and corruption can translate to increased public spending on essential services such as health and education and this would benefit women and children more, considering that women undertake the bulk of the healthcare and educational work in the absence of adequate public services.
AFRODAD in collaboration with The Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (ZIMCODD), Kuumba Arts Foundation and the Economic Justice Network of FOCCISA (EJN) held a breakaway session at the 2018 SADC People’s Summit on 16 August 2018 under the theme “Curbing Illicit Financial Flows for a Better SADC. The breakaway session sought to interrogate illicit financial flows in the SADC region based on country contexts of Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Participants included SADC citizens participating at the SADC People’s Summit, experts with sound knowledge on IFFs for purposes of sharing information and experiences.
AFRODAD has been active in extending its advocacy at key regional and international conferences and strategy meetings which have been very important in enabling advocacy for a fair and effective tax system for financing development. AFRODAD actively participated in the 2018 ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development follow-up (FfD Forum) held in New York from 23 to 26 April 2018. The four-day event featured a Special High-level Meeting with the IMF/WB, WTO and UNCTAD, ministerial round tables, general debate, and thematic discussions. AFRODAD participated in the official programme on domestic public resources to reflect on the recent progress and challenges faced by developing countries in domestic resource mobilization. The discussion also focused on the measures put in place to broaden the tax base and strengthen tax administration against a backdrop of changing economic structures and technologies. AFRODAD in collaboration with Eurodad, Financial Transparency Coalition, Tax Justice Network Africa and Society for International Development also organised a side event on IFFs/International Tax Cooperation. The side event discussions contextualized and countered claims of recent progress (i.e. black list); Problematized the Tax Platform and its recent event; Continued to lobby for a UN inter-governmental tax commission and an international tax convention.
AFRODAD responded to a call by the African Development Bank (AfDB) to present on “Illicit Financial Flows in the Extractive Sector in Africa: Implications on Industrialisation” and it was selected as one of the six CSOs from the region (out of forty-seven CSOs and CSO networks proposals). It was also i nvited to lead a session on IFFs in Extractives-Implications for Industrialization at the AfDB Civil Society Forum in Abidjan in May 2018.The AFRODAD led session was attended by 35 delegates from CSOs and policy makers from across the continent.
Moreover, AFRODAD hosted the Malawi Media Training under the theme “Partnering the Media in Strengthening Natural Resource Governance in Africa” from 25-28 September 2018.The four day training was held under the theme “Partnering the Media in Strengthening Natural Resource Governance and Financing for Development in Africa” in Blantyre, Malawi.The training was attended by 35 Malawi media practitioners in total; 10 female, drawn from online and print media, representing more than 15 media houses, including investigative and freelance journalists. Here is the video detailing objectives, outcomes and expected impact.
Upon invitation, AFRODAD contributed to Alternative Mining Indabas in Angola, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe. AFRODAD used all these meetings to contribute to the strengthening of extractive industries revenue management in Africa.
The portfolio hosted the 4th Summer School from the 19th to the 23rd of November in Mangochi, Malawi. The Summer School was attended by 40 participants (an increase from 25 in 2017) drawn from the western, eastern, central and southern African regions. Women constituted about 42% of the participants. Most importantly the event was graced by parliamentarians from the SADC PF and East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) who actively engaged with other participants.
Major outcomes of the training:
- Mr Barney Karuuombe who is a manager at the SADC PF requested information that pertained to the issue of sovereign debt to finalize a parliamentary motion on Sovereign Debt for the upcoming 44th Plenary Assembly session of the SADC Parliamentary Forum;
- Hon Sophia Swartz of the SADC PF requested AFRODAD to provide trainings to SADC PF members on issues that relate to mineral resources governance;
- Members of the EALA requested for the support of AFRODAD in crafting policies that curb IFFs in the East African Region;
- A number of participants approached AFRODAD members of staff to discuss on ways in which they can collaborate with AFRODAD on issues that relate to tax justice, IFFs, debt management and development financing;
- Two Francophone participants (Chad and Burundi) requested for summer school training for Francophone countries;
- Media outcome include publications by a journalist from Zimbabwe who attended the training available on https://www.chronicle.co.zw/africa-warned-of-external-debt-finance/; https://www.chronicle.co.zw/zimbabwe-destined-for-socio-economic; progress/?fbclid=iwar2ovlhfndb6rkgtvj9qxqgd8ckoyi6prb5yraqlohi4ilc596a0szbwqf4
Feel free to watch this row video taken during the summer school 2018.
International Public Finance
The IPF portfolio facilitated the training of business journalists on Official Development Assistance (ODA) as an instrument for financing development in Africa during the Malawi Media Training in September 2018.
AFRODAD re-engaging on Economic Partnership Agreements in Zimbabwe and the Southern Africa region with contributions having been made on the need for sustainable financing mechanisms and grants management to ensure that African countries do not find themselves in debt distress as a result of the use of the loans being offered by the European Union under the Aid for Trade development agenda
On March 7th, AFRODAD participated in a multi-stakeholder meeting organised by Oxfam and African Monitor in Johannesburg, South Africa. The meeting deliberated on CSOs engagements with the New Development Bank. This was part of the CIVIL BRICS process which feeds into the official BRICS activities under the SA presidency. AFRODAD provided an African perspective on the NDB. During the year AFRODAD continued to be part of CSO engagements lobbying for the bank to be more transparent and come up with a comprehensive information disclosure policy.
Additionally AFRODAD has been part of the African CSO Coalition that engaged the African Regional Centre on the 30th of October in Sandton, South Africa and in Shanghai, China on the 22nd of November 2018 respectively. The thrust has been to influence NDB operations though NDB–CSO engagements on NDB Operational policies such as the Environmental and Social Framework, Country Partnership Plan, Policy on Financial Management and Financial Analysis, and Economic Analysis of Projects and the Information Disclosure Policy which AFRODAD as part of the CSO Coalition on the NDB was of the view that these had to be reviewedto promote socio-economic sustainable development and not only the business profit oriented aspects of the bank’s operations.
AFRODAD participated and made contributions at the Civil BRICS Pre-Consultative Planning meeting held in April 2018 and the Civil BRICS Peoples Forum held in June 2018. AFRODAD is part of the coordinating committee and a member of two thematic areas on the New Development Bank and on Inclusive Economic Development which encompasses Tax Justice and Fiscal policy. AFRODAD made Presentations on, BRICS and Africa –Agenda 2063 in April 2018 and also on ‘Promoting Good Governance Across all BRICS sectors of Society’ - 25-26 June 2018. Targeted stakeholders were: BRICS Sherpa – Ambassador Sooklal; 4 Senior Government Officials from the South African Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO); 2 Senior Government Officials from China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs;151 CSO representatives from Sub-Saharan Africa and the BRICS Countries, 65 of them were females
Within the scope of privatisation of public service delivery in Africa, AFRODAD participated at the 1st East African Convening of Governance in Health in Nairobi, Kenya from the 28th to the 31st of June 2018. Also, during the 2nd African Union Independent Experts’ Meeting on Finance, Monetary Affairs, Economic Planning and Integration in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 9-10 April 2018Dr Bokosi submitted recommendations on the session that focussed on Mobilising Private Investment in Public Projects and they were focused on Public-private partnerships (PPPs) based on the work that AFRODAD has done in the area of PPPs. These recommendations can be accessed from http://www.afrodad.org/index.php/center-of-excellence/articles-position-vews/international-public-finance
Dr Bokosi also participated at a Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation organised side event panel discussion titled “Compact with Africa – The state of affairs in Africa and its contribution to development”. The event took place at the AFRICA DAY– Business & Investment Forum on the 25th May 2018 in Hamburg, Germany.
Compact with Africa is an initiative that aims at increasing the provision of infrastructure while boosting private investment in Africa. It is a long-term project open to all African countries interested in improving their frameworks for private investment on a durable, sustainable basis. It also gives African countries a platform to showcase opportunities and conditions for investment.
Finally, In September and November 2018, the portfolio also went on an advocacy drive that started with the capacity development of media practitioners in Malawi and Zimbabwe. In essence the importance of the initiative was to raise the awareness of business journalists on Public Private Partnerships, Human Rights and financing for development and the role they can play in the monitoring of the implementation of these projects. This led to the establishment of working groups both on social media and email list-serves where information regarding PPPs in the countries is shared and strategies to engage the relevant stakeholders are proposed.
AFRODAD hosted the 2017 Summer School from 06-10 November 2017 in Windhoek, Namibia under the theme “Strengthening Natural Resource Governance in Africa”. Through the summer school, AFRODAD improved participant’s knowledge and understanding of revenue mobilization and management in the extractives sector in Africa. Participants were equipped with crucial knowledge needed to effectively engage, influence policy change and contribute to the effective mobilisation of domestic resources within their geo-political boundaries.
Tax systems are key to increasing, broadening, and expanding the resource base for financing various development initiatives in Africa as well as contribute to solving the unfair and inefficient tax systems that penalizes the poor and favors the rich. AFRODAD continues to run a very active training program and this is important in terms of bringing new key actors and in raising the capacities and strategic focus of existing actors. AFRODAD ensured and facilitated the participation of parliamentarians, CSOs, media, academia and faith leaders. Capacitating faith leaders is important because they contribute to the advocacy efforts to stop IFFs and also to mobilizing citizens to rally behind the agenda in their respective countries using their wider outreach advantage
Responsible lending and borrowing is key to maintain debt sustainability in most African countries. To achieve this objective, in 2017, AFRODAD engaged The Southern African Institute for Policy and Research (SAIPAR) to lead the revision of the AFRODAD 2013 Borrowing Charter. The revision is scheduled to be completed early 2018.
Once the Charter review is completed it will be translated from English to French, Portuguese, Arabic and Swahili. This will increase international visibility since it will reach a wider audience. Plans are already in place to launch the charter as soon as it is completed and also to develop a model law of debt management that can be used to advocate for changes in the current laws governing public debt management.
Regional debt profiles for Southern Africa, West Africa, North Africa, East Africa, and Central Africa were produced and published. These profiles assisted AFRODAD’s advocacy work at the regional and international levels. These were shared at all debt events and international platforms that AFRODAD attended or organized. Targeting sharing was also done to such key inter-governmental institutions and civil society e.g. MEFMI and OXFAM.
AFRODAD hosted three regional conferences on debt in Central Africa (July), East Africa (September) and Southern Africa (November 2017). These conferences provided a rich platform to discuss the status of sovereign debt restructuring mechanism.
The conference had sessions on the establishment of a fair and transparent international sovereign debt restructuring mechanism. Delegates debated and proposed a strong African perspective on this. They demanded African governments to push the United Nations to come up with an international framework. It was observed that African government are not as strong as they should be on this issue. Regional civil society campaigns on the demand for mechanisms have been planned for 2018.
During the course of the year AFRODAD made huge progress in terms of strengthening inclusive, transparent and accountable public debt borrowing and loan contraction processes. First, AFRODAD in collaboration with Mauritius Council of Social Service (MACOSS) launched the study report “Analysis of Loan Contraction and Debt Management: The Case of the Republic of Mauritius”.
Second, AFRODAD in collaboration with Rwanda Religious Forum launched the Report on “Analysis of Loan Contraction and Debt Management: The Case of the Republic of Rwanda” on the 27th October 2017 Kigali, Rwanda the Director of Debt Management in the Ministry of Finance pledged to make sure that the government continues to manage debt prudently to enable the country’s development. AFRODAD engaged government officials and members of parliaments, through these launches. These reports will play an important role in these countries: raising citizen awareness on debt, enlighten citizens on economic issues, etc.
AFRODAD commissioned research in Cameroon and Tunisia. These researches were completed and published. These reports will be used to influence the effective management of public domestic debt resources by African governments.
AFRODAD organized a validation workshop of the report mentioned above on the second day of the Central Africa regional conference that took place from the 27th–28th July 2017, in Douala, Cameroon. AFRODAD collaborated with PFIAD in organizing the workshop. The conference provided a rich platform to discuss core challenges arising from the management of public debt in Cameroon and regional level. Participants were from Cameroon, Chad, Gabon, Guinea and Central Africa Republic. Members of parliament from Cameroon and regional government officials from Doula attended.
The findings show a growing trend of both external and domestic debt in Cameroon. Debt is increasingly becoming an option for financing long term infrastructural development projects in Cameroon. There is need to strengthen policies, legal and institutional frameworks and oversight bodies in the loan contraction and debt management. Overall, the oversight role of the Parliament in the management of domestic debt appears weak due to their lack of technical expertise to comprehend some of the loans presented before them. Delegates mandated AFRODAD and the Cameroonian Debt Platform to campaign effectively on debt issues in Cameroon and the Central Africa regions through workshops, civil society capacity building and policy makers’ engagements.
The study on ‘The Developmental Impacts of IFFs in SADC’ provided a comprehensive analysis and increased evidence on the magnitude and negative impacts of IFFs in SADC. By comparing IFFs to key public expenditures on health, education, and human development the organization has been able to make the issue come alive for advocates and decision-makers focused on other key development issues.
Outreach activities undertaken to disseminate research findings and efforts to draw the participation of MPs, CSOs and media from Africa has helped build political recognition on the challenges in the mobilisation and utilisation of domestic resources in Africa. More so, this has increased the intent to develop efficient mechanisms to address these challenges. There is strong public and potential interest as well as the willingness to address the issues around revenue management in extractives and IFFs.
AFRODAD hosted the 2017 Summer School from 06-10 November 2017 in Windhoek, Namibia under the theme “Strengthening Natural Resource Governance in Africa”.
Through the summer school, AFRODAD improved participant’s knowledge and understanding of revenue mobilisation and management in the extractive sector in Africa. During the school, participants were equipped with crucial knowledge needed to effectively engage, influence policy change and contribute to the effective mobilisation of domestic resources within their geo-political boundaries. More effective and transparent tax systems can contribute to broader governance reforms in Africa. Also, less dependency on external finances can promote domestic ownership of development programmes, thereby helping to improve the allocation of resources in a way that maximises social outcomes. Tax systems are key to increasing, broadening, and expanding the resource base for financing various development initiatives in Africa as well as contribute to solving the unfair and inefficient tax systems that penalizes the poor and favours the rich.
AFRODAD continues to run a very active training program and this is important in terms of bringing new key actors and in raising the capacities and strategic focus of existing actors. AFRODAD ensured and facilitated the participation of parliamentarians, CSOs, media, academia and faith leaders. Capacitating faith leaders is important because they contribute to the advocacy efforts to stop IFFs and also to mobilise citizens to rally behind the agenda in their respective countries using their wider outreach advantage.
AFRODAD commissioned a study on “Assessing national mining legal frameworks and policies in selected SADC countries against the Africa Mining Vision and SADC Protocol on Mining”. The overall purpose of the study was to provide information on what needs to be done by various stakeholders in order to advocate for the development and implementation of improved policies and legal frameworks governing the extractive industries in the selected countries of the SADC region.
The study on “Assessing the drivers and impacts of fluctuating commodity prices on government revenues in the SADC region (Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo-DRC, Zambia and Zimbabwe)” has been completed. The purpose of the study was to strengthen the evidence base and deepen understanding on the drivers and impacts of fluctuating commodity prices on government revenue in the SADC region.
AFRODAD convened two targeted advocacy meetings with parliamentarians and CSOs for the study report on ‘Impacts of fluctuating commodity prices on government revenue in the SADC region: The Case of Copper in DRC’ in Kinshasa. The meeting with parliamentarians was held at the Hotel Everest in Kinshasa on the 28th of August, 2017. The meeting was attended by 17 parliamentarians. After the presentation and discussions on the report findings and recommendations; important remarks that were formulated during the two advocacy meetings centred on the issues of data inconsistencies from the various data sources and the need to harmonize the statistics in the mining sector for increased transparency.
AFRODAD successfully hosted the high level stakeholder International Conference on Curbing IFFs from Africa at the Holiday Inn in Harare, from the 23rd-24th February 2017. The theme of the workshop was: Strengthening the Role of Parliament and Civil society in combating IFFs, with special focus on natural resources revenue management. AFRODAD launched findings from the report on “Assessing the developmental impacts of Illicit Financial flows from the SADC region”.
From the conference presentations and discussions, participants were able to assess all the issues around IFFs and specify the most urgent issues and actions that need to be taken at national, regional and global level to address these issues. Participants identified issues such as weak regulatory structures in developing countries facilitating IFFs, the need for good governance and transparency to effectively addressing IFFs and the need to strengthen and improve regional and national technical and human capacity of the relevant institutions such as tax authorities to enable close monitoring of the channels of IFFs.
In addition, participants identified collaborations at regional and global levels they felt would be useful and they identified tools that should be used by CSOs in tackling IFFs such as advocacy (media engagement, lobbying and networking with CSOs), trainings, and community mobilisation to create a critical mass movement of people who understand the issues and whistle blowing.
AFRODAD’s call in its engagement with the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) was for truly sustainable infrastructure and transformative development cooperation. This resulted in the BRICS formally inviting CSOs to discuss further priorities that the New Development Bank should consider. AFRODAD with other CSOs recommendations of making the Civil BRICS Forum an institutionalised platform has resulted in China hosting Civil Forum in 2017.
In 2017 AFRODAD sharpened research, policy analysis and technical experience in addressing issues of development effectiveness. Key achievement was the contribution to the advocacy efforts for the adoption of the 2016 Nairobi Outcome document of the Global partnership for effective development co-operation.
The AFRODAD policy brief on blended finance, a phenomenon raised in the AFRODAD strategic document resulted in AFRODAD being invited to speak on the issue to labour union during the Colloquium on “Financing for Development in the SDGs ERA. Part of the recognition was AFRODAD being invited by the OECD to be part of the team coming up with guiding principles of Blended finance. In fact AFRODAD was the only representative from Africa in this platform. AFRODAD was also invited to become part of the civil society platform that should lobby the OECD on ODA issues.
To strengthen the governance of AFRODAD and in line with the Trust Deed, the constitution and the Board Charter of the organisation, four new members were appointed in July replacing those members who had retired from the board as per the board regulations of AFRODAD
- Strengthening of the extractive industry revenue management through: capacitating Members of Parliament on revenue management and Natural Resource Governance in Swaziland and through the 2016 Summer School attended by Members of Parliament from South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Zimbabwe, Botswana, Malawi, Zambia, and Namibia. Informed parliamentarians have been able to perform their roles in parliament on issues to do with governance of natural resources.
- Identification and selection of AFRODAD as the main presenter during trainings (Summer schools) of members of parliament on Natural Resource Governance in Southern Africa.
- Domestication of Africa Mining Vision. A broad consensus among multi-level stakeholders at the Pan-African level, national governments, civil society, Mineral companies and the private sector on the importance of a continental Mineral sector governance framework based on the Africa Mining Vision (AMV).
- Stimulation and fostering of a collaborative relationship between state and non-state actors, particularly African civil society, at the continental, regional and national levels for civic oversight over the governance of Mineral sectors.
- Contribution to advocacy efforts for the adoption of the Nairobi Outcome document of the Global partnership for effective development co-operation from the Second High Level Meeting on Aid effectiveness held in 2016 in Nairobi, Kenya.
- AFRODAD developed Aid profiles for Africa that have given status of African debt using the African Union Commission classifications.
- AFRODAD successfully secured funds to do Privatization research work in 10 SADC countries in 2017 following its production of a policy briefing titled “Public Private Partnerships of Health and Education sectors; Are the poor in the Analogy?” which noted that government should continue to provide basic health and education services to its people and embrace private participation in these sector with a regulatory eye.
- AFRODAD research and publications have been widely used by researchers in different countries. The analysis has also been used by governments including the government of Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia and Tanzania.
- AFRODAD is recognised as a leading African institution on debt and development by the UNDP, NEPAD and the African Union at continental level as well as by global networks on debt and development with whom AFRODAD has organised joint activities and/or has been called to participate in high level meetings and panels.
- AFRODAD’s work on Aid Effectiveness has been recognised globally as well as regionally. AFRODAD is a member of the global coalition on AID Effectiveness. At regional level, AFRODAD cooperated with the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) Planning and Coordinating Agency in hosting African meetings on AID effectiveness and coming up with the Africa Position. AFRODAD was also part of the United Nations (UN) high level panel on Aid effectiveness.
- AFRODAD successfully launched a programme to promote domestic resource mobilisation through tax justice and extractive industries.
It has successfully steered itself from a network of partners to a research hub working with organizations at local and international level and successfully created internal capacity to do research.
- AFRODAD has gained globally recognition and is part of the global technical working groups to identify the best debt arbitration mechanisms.
- There has been improved and reliable source for Research and a reliable source for advocacy messages for CSOs through AFRODAD’s compilation and updating of 30 African countries debt profiles and disseminating Debt Profile Reports on various fora.
- Better understanding of the AFRODAD’s Borrowing Charter principles as a result of its launch in Zambia, Namibia, Swaziland and Kenya.
- Improved understanding on Policy Advice on the necessary and required interventions for better sustainability outcomes and improved
- Transparency and Accountability by the Southern African Governments in Loan contraction and Debt Management in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. This has been achieved through updating of domestic debt profile Reports for Botswana, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe, DRC, Mozambique, Lesotho and Angola
United Nations considered establishment of fair and transparent arbitration mechanism (FTAM) on sovereign debt through calling for the creation of a multilateral legal framework for sovereign debt restructuring. among countries. This was possible through AFRODAD’s work and demands on an international debt-workout framework.
- Establishment of in country dialogue on policy framework for publicly supported private finance in Africa through AFRODAD’s organised policy dialogue on Publicly Supported Private Financing (PSPF).
- The Zambian government and private sector committed to improve accountability, transparency on PSPF investments and to improve the existing regulatory and institutional framework that governs PSPF. This follows the establishment of in country dialogue on policy framework for publicly supported private finance
- There has been more amplification of CSOs demand on African governments to reduce the financing gap that most African countries are experiencing. This was made possible through increase in knowledge amongst civil society on the implications of illicit flows
- AFRODAD became a lead author of a chapter in the United Nations Development cooperation report for 2014.
- Improved relationship between AFRODAD and the Ministry of Industry and Commerce in Zimbabwe which has acknowledged its valuable work and shares the same view on some of the World Trade Organization (WTO) issues.
- Resolution by the Zambian Government Officials to advance effective oversight on public finance and promote principles of responsible borrowing in the country through the entrenchment of a clear legal framework/an Act of Parliament that enhances the oversight role of the Parliament.
- Improved oversight, transparency and accountability by the Ugandan and Namibian government in loan contraction and debt management processes.
- AFRODAD’s work has been recognized by New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) and the African Union (AU) which invited the organization to make presentations at various meetings including at the Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) summit.
- AFRODAD’s was contracted by United Nations Development Program (UNDP) on behalf of the NEPAD Agency to develop the African Mutual Accountability Report to help strengthen Africa’s capacities in the development of domestic and mutual accountability systems and institutions
- The AFRODAD’s engagement with African Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) made it possible for them to monitor development aid from the emerging lenders and also monitor the implementation of such agreements.
- AFRODAD’s work in Tanzania saw the Tanzanian parliament resolve on facilitation of debates focused on public debt in parliamentary sessions. Constitutional reforms were also informed by the AFRODAD Borrowing Charter and findings of the Domestic Debt study. All this follows AFRODADS research study on Tanzania domestic debt.
- Increased knowledge and understanding among members of the public on government debts following translation of AFRODAD’s study report on domestic debt into Swahili and being shared to the wider Tanzanian public.
- AFRODAD's Borrowing Charter was used in Liberia, a country emerging from conflict as model in country reforms it financial system. This underscored the significance of the charter as an important public finance management tool.
- Sussex University has AFRODAD publications in its library. This exposes AFRODAD research and positions to a global pool of students and academicians.
- Improved information exchange through joint CSOs strategizing and lobbying for policy demands and exchange of best practices as well as building capacities on the issue of debt and with a wide publications distribution of close to a 1000 copies.
- Raised awareness amongst African policy makers on best practices and guidelines on responsible borrowing. More knowledge and better understanding on Monetary and Financial Affairs on principles and guidelines of prudent sovereign borrowing and loan contraction with the use of AFRODAD’s Borrowing. This follows the launch of AFRODAD’s Borrowing Charter in the Pan African Parliament in Johannesburg, South Africa and its production in English, French, Portuguese, Arabic and Swahili languages.
- AFRODAD has been elected as the Southern African Regional representative to the Global Accountability Cluster Committee. This is due to its active participation in the aid effectiveness trajectory
- The organization successfully coordinated the establishment of the Zimbabwe Network Against Illicit Flows (ZiNAIF) that comprises of the Centre for Natural Resource Governance (CNRG), Transparency International Zimbabwe (T I - Z), t h e Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association (ZELA), the Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (ZIMCODD) and AFRODAD. The Network has a huge impact in influencing and stirring up debate on illicit financial flows from Zimbabwe.
- AFRODAD’s efforts on policy change saw the commitment of renegotiation of Kayelekera Uranium mine mining contract between the Government of Malawi with Paladin Energy, owners of Kayelekera Uranium mine. This follows research findings and policy recommendations from AFRODAD’s commissioned research in 2012 and a report published in 2013 on the Revenue Costs and Benefits of Foreign Direct Investment in the Extractive Industry in Malawi.
- Renewed development of and discussion on alternative models of domestic debt management in at least one country. The Government of Zimbabwe established a Debt Management office as part of broad reforms to improve the conduct of debt management in the country.
- Enhanced and collaborative partnerships between AFRODAD and its partner organizations. MOUs with other CSOs were prepared after AFRODAD received letters of interest from each of the respective organizations. By coordinating with other Civil Societies, AFRODAD now has a means to carry forward lobby and advocacy activities at local level in the respective countries.
- Training of Members of parliament of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Kenya and Swaziland on their role in government borrowings to effectively play their oversight role on government borrowing.