AFRODAD believes that success in mobilizing domestic resources as a primary source of financing development in Africa hinges on combating illicit financial flows (IFFs) and addressing the ‘natural resource curse’ cataclysm
which haunts many mineral resource rich countries in Africa. In order to contribute to the development and implementation of transparent, accountable and efficient mechanisms for mobilization and utilization of domestic resources in Africa, AFRODAD ran its 3rd annual Summer School Training for 25 participants drawn from parliamentarians, civil society, faith leaders and the media to provide an innovative way of engaging with a core group of influencers and decision-makers to build their understanding and commitment to the key issues of concern, in particular related to illicit financial flows and natural resource governance. Building on the successes of the previous two annual summer school (2015 and 2016), the AFRODAD 2017 Summer School, was held from 06-10 November 2017 at Safari Court Hotel in Windhoek, Namibia, under the theme “Strengthening Natural Resource Governance in Africa”.
The specific objectives of the 2017 AFRODAD Summer School training were:
- To improve participants knowledge and understanding of revenue mobilisation and management in the extractives sector (mining, oil and gas) in Africa.
- To develop participants’ knowledge and understanding of the institutions governing the mining sector in Africa.
- To strengthen linkages and ensure civil society organisations, parliamentarians, faith based organisations, labour movements and women in mining play an influential role in monitoring and influencing the natural resource governance process.
- To share and exchange experiences among participants on effective monitoring of the extractive sector.
The Summer School content and modules were informed by outcomes of the February 2017, CSOs and Parliamentary International Conference on Illicit Financial Flows (IFFs), and DRM research recommendations and findings on:
- Assessing national mining legal frameworks and policies in selected SADC countries against the Africa Mining Vision and SADC Protocol on Mining;
- Developmental Impacts of IFFs;
- Impacts of fluctuating commodity prices on Government revenue in the SADC region.
The summer school delivered eight modules on:
- Governance and Transparency in Managing Natural Resources
- National Legal and Regulatory frameworks governing the rights to resources
- Mineral revenue leakages in Africa
- Theological Reflections
- Natural Resource Flows and Macroeconomic Policies
- Gender and Extractives
- Debt and Extractives
- Role of the Media in Extractive Industry Management
The summer school discussions centred on the national laws governing rights to resources, including community ownership of rights to resources on their land, impacts of resource rights on sustainable development, on communities (women and the youth), and on the environment. The school also explored the Africa Mining Vision and assessed its domestication and implementation in the region. In terms of governance and transparency in managing natural resources, the summer school unpacked and explored the influence of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in achieving resource transparency and economic growth. The summer school discussions also explored the various ways in which mineral revenue leakages occur in Africa and the various ways to mitigate these leakages, including curbing Illicit financial flows, issues of transfer pricing, fiscal incentives and Double Taxation Agreements. In addition, AFRODAD included modules on theological reflections, debt and extractives, gender and extractives and the role of the media in extractive industry management